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The largest state in the United States, Alaska has an area of 570,380Â square miles (1,477,280 sq. km.). Alaskaâ€™s flourishing economy has placed it among the richest states in the country. Juneau, Alaskaâ€™s capital cannot be accessed through a land route. Anchorage and Fairbanks are the popular cities, with the former also being the largest in the state.
Historically, Alaska was purchased from Russia on the basis of a treaty signed in 1867. On account of its huge size, climate in Alaska differs from one part to another. The massive coastline spread over 6600 miles (10,600 km) and the proximity to the Arctic region makes the climate shift from moderate in the coastal parts to extreme in the interior regions of the state.
Located in the northwest tip of USA, Alaska is unique among all the 50 states in the country as it does not have a continuous territory as Canadian land separates it from the nationâ€™s boundary. Alaska depicts a great deal of racial diversity and is home to families from various ethnicity and cultural backgrounds.
Numerous mountain ranges are found all across the state with Alaska Ranges, Saint Elias Mountains and Chugach Mountains being well known. Several National Parks and nearly 120 state parks are present, with the largest state park being the Wood-Tikchik State Park covering 1.55 million acres (6280 sq. km.). Alaska has a wealth of forest and ocean reserves with the Tongass National Forest being the largest in the country.
Amazing and rare wildlife like the rare Kodiak bear, the beautiful and extensive coastline for memorable cruises, the innumerable glaciers, towering mountain peaks, stunning lakes and the abundant opportunities for outdoor sport make Alaska the grand American vacation destination.